Li Shizhen and Ancient Chinese Medicine

Before modern drugs were invented, premodern civilizations had creative ways of curing many diseases. In ancient China, these remedies were recorded by one famous physician, Li Shizhen. He came from a family of medical doctors; including his father who also created medical treatments and diagnostics. During the Ming Dynasty, 1368- 1644, Li Shizhen wrote Compendium of Materia Medica (Bencao gangmu,…

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The First Emperor of Qin

  In 247 BC, at the age of nine, King Zheng came to throne in Qin.1 His goal was to have a unified China, which included uniform currency, measures, and writing. He was able to conquer the surrounding states (Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan, and Qi) by using military force, and eventually ruled “All-Under-Heaven.”1 King Zheng then gave himself the…

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Oracle Bones – A Trace of History

  Oracles bones were used in the Shang Dynasty (1766-1045 BCE) and the Western Zhou Dynasty (1045-771 BCE) by royalty as a way of communicating with ancestors.1 This was important because it was believed that ancestors could protect them, but they could also bring disaster.2 The oracle bones consisted of turtle shells, cattle shin bone, as well as other animal…

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